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Tim Carter, of AsktheBuilder.com, demonstrates the basics of a framing square. Carter shows how to make the marks for a simple ...
Tags:ask the builder,framing square,rafter,renovation,roof,tim carter
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You know more years that I care to remember. I built this playhouse for my oldest daughter and now my younger kids are using it. And a simple tool like this framing square comes in really handy and I will show you why. It is not just to make sure that things are cut square because this produces a 90-degree angle, but let me show you something. If you wondered how I cut this roof rafter, I used the framing square and here is why it is important.
Look up here, see this cut up here. That is called the plum cut at the top and this is a very important cut down here. We called that as a C-cut. Well, look at this, it just so happens that the relationship between this cut and the plum cut is 90 degrees.
You are gonna see a lot of numbers on your framing square, that can get confusing, but here is really what you need to know. These numbers that go from 1 until up to 16 relate to what we call the pitch of the roof.
Notice, as I raised this board, how it gets steeper and steeper that is what we call a pitch. So if you have an 8/12 pitch roof, it is steeper than one that might be 4/12 pitch. You may wonder how we translate all those marks down on to the wood. Well, it is easier than you might think. You have to work on one side of the square or the other, meaning work on the outside or work on the inside. Do not confuse the two. For example, let us say that we want to have a 7/12 pitch roof. I will hold the seven, right here on the outside edge of the piece of lumber and then I come down the square and make sure the 12 is right there at the other edge of the piece of lumbar and we make our marks.
Once you marked them out and cut them there is nothing to it. Look how easy they come together. There is a miniature little roof. It was done for the framing square. I am Tim Carter, Ask the Builder.
If you want to discover more home improvement tips, go to AsktheBuilder.com.