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Once Genghis Khan was made ruler of all Mongols in 1206, the Mongols quickly grew to become one of the largest empires in ...
world history. WatchMojo explores the rise and fall of this one-time world empire.
Tags:The Rise and Fall of The Mongol Empire,asian history,china history,mongol empire history,Mongolia history,rise of mongol empire,watchmojo,genghis khan
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The Rise and Fall of The Mongol Empire
Once Genghis Khan was made ruler of all Mongols in 1206, the Mongolian Empire quickly grew to become one of the largest empires in the history of the world. Hi, I'm Rebecca Brayton and welcome to watchmojo.com. And today, we’ll be exploring the rise dominance and fall of this one time world empire.
Using a combination of manipulation and might, Genghis Khan began his domination by successfully uniting the one time rival tribes of Northeast Asia. Under his leadership, the Mongol Empire expanded out of Mongolia and across Europe and Asia. By the time of Khan’s death in 1227, the Mongol empire already ruled from the Pacific Ocean to the Caspian Sea. The decades that followed saw the Mongol Empire continue its growth through invasions of neighboring lands with Genghis Khan’s blood line leading the way. At its peak, this empire ruled roughly 22% of earth’s total land area. The spread of the Mongol Empire is said to have been very organized and extremely violent. Some claim that Persia’s population dropped from 2.5 million to 250,000 due to the distraction of major cities by the Mongols. A major tactic by the empire was to simply wipe out urban populations that refuse to surrender. Because Warfare was crucial to the Mongol Empire, boys began their military life at age 15. Each soldier was given between four and seven horses and the Mongols tailored their weapons to be used with ease while riding.
However, beginning in 1271, the strong empire showed its first signs of trouble. Kubla Khan claimed control of the Mongol Empire following the death of Monkey Khan despite protest from his own brother. The two engaged in civil war ultimately leading to the end of unity within the Mongol empire. Kubla Khan turned his focus to China. He named himself the emperor of China and began the Yuan Dynasty. By the time he died, the Mongol empire had split into four. And the years that followed, his successors eventually lost all influence over Mongol lands. The Mongol Empire is credited with the creation of a writing system that is still used today in Mongolia. Other long term impacts of the empire include the unification of large parts of Russia and China. Today, these areas remain unified under different leadership. The Mongols mail system referred to as the Yam by scholars was particularly ingenious. To ensure the speediest delivery, a messenger would travel 25 miles where he would either receive a rested horse or pass the mail to a new messenger. The same system would be replicated as the pony expressed centuries later in the United States. Within one century, the Mongol Empire grew from a small territory to become one of histories greatest empires.