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Learn about how Europe coped with floods in the past. Also learn about how the Netherlands cope with the high risk of floods.
Tags:The Impact of Floods on the Human Life 2/3,coping with floods,damage floods,floating homes netherlands,floating houses,floods europe,sea level vulnerability dutch cities,simulations technology floods,velocity floods future studies,worldwide media
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The Impact of Floods on the Human Life 2/3
In August 2002, Central Europe experience more than a week of heavy rains that triggered floods of unprecedented severity. Dozens lost their lives and thousands were left harmless. The weather pattern was part of a largest system that also affected Asia.
Prague, one of Europe’s cultural centers was severely affected and the cold winter out for art restoration experts as well as more conventional aid workers to help prepare the damage to priceless treasures. When the water receded, ancient buildings were left to choke with mud and debris with some estimates putting the damage bill in the billions of Euros. Just three years later, people in the same parts of Europe were preparing for more floods though, this time it would be Romania, not the Czech Republic, it would take the severest damage.
Since 1998, floods in Europe have cost around 700 deaths. The displacement at about half a million people and at least 25 billion Euros in loses. London is particularly vulnerable and a flood surge protection barrier has been built across the River Thames. Weather experts have carried out a large experiment to examine possible conditions which might trigger a massive flood of the Thames. The findings raised important questions about London's ability to cope with the major flood. Met office records of actual storms were manipulated to produce an extreme low pressure event resulting in winds that came down the North Sea and created the ideal conditions where for tidal surge in the River Thames.
The serious have been for London will be a maritime event resulting in a tidal surge which why London has a barrier. The barrier is designed to protect London against all but the one in one thousand year event which is recon to be a high level of protection. However, there is a large amount of guess worked in this calculations especially with the broad range of particular fix assume to flow from climate change. The effect of the computed generated storm was observed when the city’s defenses were breached to test the mathematical models.
Future studies were focus on velocity of floods as well as depths. And the second workshop will focus on the River Severn from the east coast with the third simulation with mud urban flooding in Glasgow in Scotland. The meteorologist so extensive flooding across London but only after every defensive had been pushed to extremes that have not yet been recorded. Giving them confidence, the English capital was well protected against flood.
The Netherlands is one of the most densely populated countries in the world. And with the half of the country below sea level and constantly under threat from rising waters, building space is scarce. One solution is to build floating homes. In 1995 when the River Meuse flooded in the south of Holland, hundreds of thousands of people were forced to leave their homes.
Dutch construction company, Dura Vermeer has built 37 floating houses just outside the village of Maasbommel, an area prone to flooding. The four being position on the water, the houses are constructed on land and then place the top concrete cantoned filled with giant lumps of polystyrene to reinforced the steel. They have said to be unsinkable. And it’s a concept that developers are planning to take even further.
Floating hotels, floating roads and floating runways for aircraft are all on the drawing board in the Netherlands which is particularly vulnerable to sea level rises due to climate change. The nation has always had a close relationship with water. With many Dutch cities, canals were place streets and flood the defenses are unnecessary part of the country’s security.
In February 1953, the Netherlands faced disaster when the dikes protecting the southwest of the country were breached by hurricane forced winds an exceptionally high spring tide. To prevent a repeat of the disaster, the Dutch Government launched the “Delta Project”. Protect the southwest Netherlands from the North Sea. Four main dams were built to with lock gates along with several secondary dams located close to the Aster.
All these dams reduced the length of the coast by 70 kilometers creating soft water reserves and preventing floods. Phase 2 of the project is an on-going process that systematically brings all dams surround the Netherlands up to the required standard and to maintain them at that level of strength before floods occur. Close monitoring of weather patterns plays an important part in the country’s flood management as to evacuation plans.
The Dutch have been carefully watching the recent global rise in water levels and changes to weather patterns. They have done everything in their path protect themselves against the risk of flooding. But are they able to evacuate more than 4 million people from flooded areas in a short period of time to disaster strike again.