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Learn about the Pharisees, the Sadducees and and Essene in Jewish and Christian history with
Rabbi Jonathan Ginsburg.
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Shalom, this Video is about the Pharisee Sadducees Essenes and Zealots. What kind of Jews were there 2000 years ago? Well there a lot of different groups but for convenience sake and to make it simple let us focus on the mainfour. Now Pharisees have a rotten name for many of the world for Christians especially because of the bad abjure of connotations and words associated with that in the new testament but actually they are brilliant religious thinkers who have changed religion forever including Christianity because Jesus was Pharisee so who are they? Well, first of all you have to explain the Sadducees, the Sadducees were the group responsible at that time 2000 years ago when the second temples still stood for the sacrifices that was the Eristic Creatic most people believe, the priestly class. They are the one’s who actually thought they are fulfilling God’s will best but offering the core by note which is the Hebrew word for sacrifice and actually needs draw up close to God.
Now at the same time a hundred of years before the second temple is destroyed in the year 70. There were another group of Jews who were more interested in studying the Holy Scripture the Torah and praying. That was the group of the Pharisees who became the rabbi’s. Now, some of the things that differentiated the Pharisees from the Sadducees where the Sadducees did not believe in the oral law they believe only in the written law. They also did not believe in after life, they thought once we die we die. Those are some of the basic principles and again they thought the most important thing worth sacrificing and the most to God. When the second temple was destroyed in the year 70 by the Romans, that was really the end of the Sadducee influence they had no more sacrifices to offer and although traditional Judaism continued to pray for the restoration for the temple, sacrifices were no longer that means ethic means or possible means and a famous statement by a rabbi Namiel Hanem Vensacai at the time 70. So we have means that these Jews has efficacious and scarifies, that is what happened to prayer and towards in deed of love and kindness.
Then there was a third group at the time then the Essenes who where basically seal of it, they live to the Dead Sea community. They thought someway draws on this two holy living but they do not seem to be now according to the scourer consensus especially Professor Norman Gold by Energy Chicago. The people that authored the Dead Seas grows it seems to turn out now. The Dead Seas are called probably a library collection because some contradict each other but the group of that was there where the Essenes and some scholars believed that John the Baptist was an Essenes. The negative feeling in some of the New Testament about the body comes from the Essenic Influence. They obviously died out there where sell a bit and then the idea of the denial of any kind of bodily pleasured comes from those group of people that took the laws o biblical impurity very seriously. The final group that we need to mention were the Zealots, the people that continued to agitated for political and really his freedom get born on of the Maccabee spirit.
These were people that lead the insurrection against Rome in 70 and lead the insurrection against Rome in 132 to 135 which both ended disastrously but that was the Zealot influence. The idea that that you have to fight and to protect yourself which off course the spirit is always alive in cultures and existed in the idea of Israel admitting to be self independent powerful enough to stay off of the attacks against it. Today what we have left, we have a little bit of influence of each but off course Judaism in the main became biting Judaism following the Pharisees which focus on the best way to serve God with our prayer, studying of Torah, the deed of loving kindness to learn Jewishly, to learn Jewishly and to love God and fellow creatures and I hope that is good explanation a basic explanation for you of the Pharisees, the Sadducees, the Essenes and the Zealots.
Off course today, we do not have one of those groups by name, the Jews today are divided. These terms are only 200 years old and 5 percent of our histories were formed conservative orthodox, reconstructions, secular humanist. Those are kind of American terms and there are terms similar to that throughout the rest of the world.