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This lesson teaches you the basics of the Ukulele, how to Tune, and Common Chords.
Tags:How to Play the Ukulele,OnlineLessonVideos,playing the ukulele,ukelele 101,ukelele chords,ukelele for beginners,ukulele playing lessons,ukulele tuning
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How to Play the Ukulele
Hi, this is Dave Anderson with Online Lesson Videos. And today, we’re going to do intro the ukulele. So let’s get started.
So in covering Ukuleles, let’s give you a little bit of background. You can go to music stores and find Ukuleles are very inexpensive. This is a tenor ukulele and this ukulele probably cost about a $100 and it’s a great little ukulele. You don’t have to spend a lot of money with ukulele as long as it stays in tune well. And the kind of key thing with good tune with the ukulele is the strings, having a good sets of strings on it. When you go and shop for ukuleles if you don’t have one already ask the music store about the strings that they used and then different options there.
There are different types, there’s soprano, concert, tenor and baritone. This is the tenor ukulele. This is the most popular ukulele with professionals and people that play ukulele on semi-professional and professional basis. The soprano ukulele is the smallest ukulele. It is tuned the same as this and the—in between size, it’s a little bit bigger than soprano, a little smaller than the tenor. Their all three tunes the same. Their all three tune G, C, E and A. We’re going to go with the tuning in a second. The baritone ukulele is the biggest of the ukuleles and it’s more or less sort of a four string guitar. The tuning on the baritone ukulele would be D, G, B, and E. But we’re going to do this with the G, C, E, A tuning which is pretty standard. So let’s start with the tuning.
So you can get a chromatic tuner or with your guitar tuner, you can use a piano or keyboard anything you can even tune it to itself. Now, I’m going to show you how to do to reference the note. The top note needs to be a G and this is a G here. Once you have that top note tuned, you can tune each string to the one above it. So what I’m going to do is I’m going to fret that top note at the fifth fret that’s you make an open C. Now, when I’m fretting the uke, these little metal parts are the frets but when we talk about frets we’re actually talking about the spaces in between and there’s where you’re going to lay your fingers, right behind the middle of the fret. So if I fret that top string at the fifth fret just counting up one, two, three, four and five, if I fret that note and play it that should be a C which is what my next string open should be, just an octave down.
So I’m going to tune, I want to match the third string to the fourth string. They’re not in tune then you want to tune the third string so that it matches. Once you have those tune tuned then you move onto the next two. So now, I’m going to fret the third string at the fourth fret. That should be an E, they should be on the same note. If they’re not in tune then take your second string open and match it to the third string with your fretting. Once you get those in tuned tune the last string, the first string to the second one then we go back up to the fifth fret so those should be an A. And they should be in tuned. If they’re not, tune the first string with the second, tune that open one always. So you have G, C, C, E and A. To quite essential my dog has fleas.
So now, with the ukulele tune, what do we do with it sort of an expression? The ukulele is a great accompanying instrument sort of like a guitar but it’s a lot easier than the guitar. I mean less strings to deal with, the strings are much easier to push down and it’s just a lot easier to keep going on it. with the right hand, primarily what we’re going to show you today is how to play chords with it so you can accompany songs, any songs usually have chord charts and you will be able to play along with other people or whatever play along with songs that we may sing. So with your left hand, what you primarily going to do is fret the notes on different frets at the same time and make chords, chords with three or more notes played at the same time in the key. That will be like a G chord and I’m going to go through the chords with you. With you right hand you primarily going to play it with your index finger and you just literally strum it back and forth with your index. Some people use without pick, I’ve seen people use regular pick I really just is easy and gets a good sound just to play with your index. And when you play it, you don’t want to play it down here like a guitar, it doesn’t get this good tune. You actually want to play it just above the body, in the neck area.
And so, I’m just breaking that back and forth with my index finger. You can even use all you finger and break. Before starting, we’re just going to strum down across the strings with your index back and forth. And so what I’m trying to do is strumming pattern and it’s a sort of bit down, down and then a short chop. So it’s down, up, down and a short chop and that’s it. So that would be our rhythm.
It’s all just with the index finger.
And you play all that up and down with the index finger. To get rhythms with your left hand release from the chord and push it back down. So when I play a chord, it cool up off the fret but I don’t put my fingers off the strings.
And that’s pretty much it for the right hand. So there’s not a lot of study going on, it’s pretty easy just take your finger and move across and you can really pay more attention to what we’re going to do with the chords. I’m going to show you a series of chords that should—you should be able to print out in a PDF file. Learn these chords, memorize them and then we’re going to show you a general chord progression and then you can start taking those chords and use them in other songs. So let’s get started with the chords.