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Learn how to oil paint and how to cast shadows, stems and edges when painting still life.
Tags:How to Oil Paint - Cast Shadows, Stems and Edges,Art,brush,canvas,monkeysee,oil paint,Oil Painting,oil painting guide
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Hi, I’m Martha Speck with MLS Gallery, and I’m showing you how to paint still life oil painting. Right now I’m going to talk about cast shadow and edges. I’m going to pull a little bit of our paints gray, our white, a little of my gray and misty blue and mix it around a bit with my turpenoid on my palette, and then, go ahead and place the cast shadow underneath the fruit, that way it won't be floating. Be sure to check back at your set up to make sure you’re getting the cast shadow in the right place. The cast shadow is actually the reflection in the shadows on the surface of the, of the set up, in this case it’s on our blue drape. So the next thing we need to do is go ahead and continue this technique all over the canvass to fill in all the white space. So now I’m just finishing up painting the background of, of our still life set up, and I’m going to show you the technique I use to create our stems. I use this tool called a Wipe Out tool. It is a, looks like a paint brush, but at one end it’s a rubber, rubber piece that pulls paint off from the canvass. And when you pull it off, it reveals the white canvass underneath. I’ll show you how. I take my tool, starting from the top of the pear on a wet canvass, and pull up, and then at the very top, just angle it in just slightly. And that gives you one stem, let’s try the next. I think the stems are the most interesting part of the fruit… pulling up, and this one tends to go back a little bit and it’s a bit thicker. So we can add a little highlight and reflection on the stem as well. I’m going to take a very small brush that I have in my jar, and add a highlight to it. I’ll pull a little yellow oaker and a little lemon yellow and then a little gray. And work toward the base of the pear, and remember it’s not a solid thing, it’s... it’s a… it changes color with the light shining on it. We also need to add some highlights and some reflection. The reflection comes on the right side of the pear and where the… where the light is reflected off the other pear the one that sits next to it. So, right now, I’m using a little turpenoid gray, black… little more black. And remember, my background is wet, so you can manipulate the colors if you choose to smooth out some of the edges, now is a good time. Take a wide flat brush and make it dry, keep it dry and just clean up your edges. Let’s go ahead and add some highlights. So I’m taking cadmium yellow light, a little white and for the highlights, I can see that they’re hitting on the first third of the middle, our middle pear, and I’m gonna load up my brush, and place the highlight directly where I see it. So that’s where I want the viewer’s eye to go. Again, I just loaded it up and placed it there, and I’ll smooth it out with my large flat dry brush. And that’s how you add in the highlights and the reflections on our still life set up. Let’s move on to the finish product.