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Learn about the pilgrims traveling to the country of the native Americans and how many Indian tribes disappeared or got killed.
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How the Native Americans Started to Disappear
The year 1620 saw the landing of the Pilgrims at Plymouth Rock in Massachusetts. The following year, they came in contact with the native inhabitants. An Abenaki Indian name Samoset. Came out of the woods and spoke English he had learned from European fisherman.
Using Samoset and another Indian name Tisquantum as translators, the Pilgrims made peace with the leader of the Wampanoag tribe who is called Massasoit. They agreed to help one another in case of attack by a third party. The Indian taught the Pilgrims which crops to plant and where to fish.
During the harvest season, the Pilgrims and Indians gathered for a three day festival in order to give thanks for their bounty. The celebration they decided would become an annual event. Today, we know this holiday as thanksgiving.
For 40 years there was peace between the Pilgrims and the Wampanoag. But with Massasoits death in 1662 and the expansion of English settlements, the peace collapsed. Puritans began to force the Indians to live according to their religious beliefs and customs.
Soon, the Indian tribes began to attack the English settlements. Under the leadership of Metacom known to the Puritans as King Philip, the Wampanoag along with the Narragansets and Nip Monks waged war in New England.
By 1676, the Puritans had killed more than 3,000 Indians and had driven them out of Southern New England. King Philip was captured, shot through the heart and beheaded. His head was put on a pole and displayed in Plymouth for 20 years.
In 1626, Peter Minuit the Dutch Governor of New Amsterdam which later became New York bought the island of Manhattan from the Canarsie Indians for the sum of 24 dollars. With this newly acquired land, more colonists began to appear and the Indian culture of the northeast began to disappear.
Between 1636 and 1637, the puritans waged war against the Pequots of Connecticut in an effort to claim lands and riches. They succeeded and the entire tribe was literally wiped out of existence.
By the end of the 1600s, more and more tribes were force westward. By the 17th Century, horses which had been exported from Europe were roaming the south west and the plains Indians began to use them in the hunt for the mighty buffalo. The horses also enabled the Indians to develop a more nomadic lifestyle.