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But what will you do if you want to darken the image? That, my friends, is the job of the “Burn” tool. So, click and hold on the “Dodge” tool icon and then, choose the “Burn” tool or other ways to do this. Go ahead and escape out of that. You can just press the “O” key again to switch to that tool.
Assuming you followed my instruction in Lesson 3 and changed your preferences, so you do not have to press the “Shift” key, just press “O”, it switches to the burn tool. Another thing you can do is option click on the tool slot. So, notice if you option click or alt click on the tool slide on the PC. You switch from one tool to the next.
Now, I have the burn tool selected. Now, note that the burn tool looks like a little hand focusing the light and again, that is another traditional reference. But for you and me, do not matter so much. What counts is that it darkens. So, you should drag and darken it. That is all there is to it.
Now, if you want to change the size of the brush on the fly, I will show you how you can go up here and change the size of the brush by clicking on this thing here and playing with it to do that. But you can also change the size of a brush from the keyboard. Let me show you how that works because it is the most splendid way to change brushes. All that stuff up there is for suckers!
Watch this. I will press the right bracket key in order to increase the size of the brush incrementally and I will press the left bracket key in order to reduce the size of the brush incrementally. And by the way, the bracket keys are over there to the right of the “P” key. So, I am going to increase the size of the brush a little bit.
You can also change the hardness of the brush from the keyboard on the fly and you do that by pressing “Shift+Right Bracket ” to make the brush harder or “Shift+Left Bracket” to make the brush softer. And now, when I paint, notice that I am painting a bigger area. At a time, it is a more diffused modification. It tends to blend better with the artwork and so on. So, once again, big brushes work better.
By the way, I do want to show you the difference between a hard and a soft brush. Let me just show you what a big difference that makes. I am going to press “Shift+Right Bracket” four times in a row in order to make the brush as hard as possible. Because each press of shift and the bracket key changes the hardness value by 25% always.
Watch if I drag with a hard brush, you can clearly see the divisions between each circle of paint and what Photoshop does is it is really laying down individual circles of paint as you paint. And the difference is when you are painting with a blurry brush, they all blur into each other. When you are painting with a hard brush like this, they do not. And notice that there is a space apparent from each other and that is to make sure that the brush can actually keep up with your changes because otherwise, it will not be able to. There you go, soft brushes are better, proof positive.
And just so you can see a comparison here, I will press “Shift+[” four times in a row and then I will paint again and you would never know that there is a little dodge of paint being laid out at all. It just looks like a continuous stream of darkness like a little drifty cloud going by. So, anyway, that is dodge and burn. Very easy to understand tools but also the most useful tools of all of these.