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Now, let's draw this little arc thing right here. This is kind of a special thing that I have got setup. These are actually two partial arcs and it just happens to be the way a horse eye looks, this is the way the Egyptians drew it. So, I am just trying to do what they did. I am just trying to follow their example. But it turns out these are only sort of partial arcs. I am going to go get my Arc Tool, I am going to start dragging from this location right here and I am going to drag up and a little bit beyond. Notice that I am dragging beyond the edge of that line, if it's flipping in the wrong direction remember you have the F key that you can take advantage of and then I will release and it should create a nice thick line for you once again and it follows the contours of this thing quite beautifully, I think, follows the contours of my template.
I am going to go back to the My guides layer because I want to create another guide here and I am going to drag out from the vertical ruler and I am going to snap it into alignment with this end point. Alright, now this guide is automatically locked, it just appears in the My guides layer but because I have Lock guides turned on, every new guide I create is automatically locked into place, the minute I release my mouse button. Now, I am going to go back to the Draw here layer, I am going to create another arc starting at this point here, down and to the left, if it's not going in the right direction for you press the F key in order to flip it.
Now, you can drag anywhere you want as long as that little first portion here is matching the template, then release. Alright, now, I want to get rid of this part and this part of this line, and I am going to do that using this little handy tool here the Scissors Tool. Go ahead and select that tool on the toolbox or you can press the C key in order to select the Scissors Tool. Then click at the approximate intersection of these two points, which I am going to call right there, I am going to click right at that point right there, and then I am going to go back and get my Black Arrow Tool. I am going to click on the line to make sure the entire thing is selected, that little new piece of line there, I am just going to click on it and then I am going to press the backspace key or the delete key on the Mac in order to delete it.
Now, I am going to click this other little initial portion right there, see that, I am going to switch to my White Arrow Tool, so we are not seeing the bounding box. I will show you another way to get rid of the bounding box later, just switch to the White Arrow Tool for now, and drag another guide out, but make sure My guides is active since we are trying to be so tidy and keep all the guides into My guides layer. Again, this isn't essential, these are just good habits. I am going to drag at a vertical guide and lock it in a place there. I am going to go back to my Draw here layer, I am going to get my Black Arrow Tool and I am going to select that first line, this one right here and I am going to move it to the front of the stack. I want to move it so it's in front of this other little line, so I can easily cut it because if I tried using the Scissors Tool right now, it would probably get this end point for this guy right here. So I want to make sure that I am cutting at the right location, cutting the right line, so I am going to go ahead and bring this line to front. By going to the Object Menu, choose Arrange and choose Bring to Front. Now, I could also take advantage of this keyboard shortcut.
Now, this keyboard shortcut, believe it or not, it's a pretty weird keyboard shortcut Ctrl+Shift+], but again these are good to get in the habit of memorizing some of them, not all of them, but this one in particular is, because this is another one that translates to all the Adobe applications. So any time you want to bring something all the way to the front it's Ctrl+Shift+] or Command+Shift+] on the Mac, to send it all the way to the back of the stack is Ctrl+Shift+[ or Command+Shift+[ on the Mac and then you have these other intermediate steps to move them forward and backward one step at a time, one little micro layer at a time.
Anyway, I am going to bring it all the way to the front of this layer, all these commands work inside of the active layer. So I am going to bring this object to the front of its layer. You can also right-click on the object in order to bring up shortcut menu and you will see this Arrange sub-menu right there and you can choose Bring to Front that way as well.
Anyway, I have got this item selected here, it's in front of everything else, I am going to get my Scissors Tool, I am going to click along this vertical guideline and about the point where this belongs, about the point where it intersects this other line segment. I am going to click right there in order to create two independent line segments. You have to click on the line by the way, you have to click on the path so that's in the center of the stroke. Go get your Black Arrow Tool, click again on this little line segment to make sure it's selected, press the Backspace key or the Delete key on the Mac in order to get rid of that little bit.
Now, I want to join these two pieces together here. I am going to go get my Wide Arrow Tool and I am going to marquee around this area like I did before and I will get both of these coincident points. Now, they are not quite coincident necessarily and I will check whether they are coincident by going to the Object Menu, choosing Path and choosing Join. Now, what's the difference between that join and the one I just did a moment ago. I didn't see any dialog box telling me, do I want a corner point or do I want a smooth point? And that's because Illustrator is perceiving a tiny gap between these two points, and to see that tiny gap, I am really going to zoom in, Ctrl+Spacebar dragging around that point like so. In order to zoom in really, really close inside this illustration and I will even zoom closer, I will zoom to maximum 6400% and you can see right there, see that little gap, I will go ahead and undo the join, see there is a little gap between those two points, oh goodness. And actually that gap by the way is about the size of a microscopic bacteria. That is a very tiny itty-bitty little gap, we are talking about fractions of a point, about just a few microns difference between these two areas here. Bigger than a virus but smaller than a bacteria.
I want to make that clear because Illustrator is very sensitive to points not being totally coincident. If the points are not totally coincident and you press Ctrl+J or choose that command then it joins the two points in a straight segment. Alright, I am going to marquee around them again and press Ctrl+J and you see you get a little straight segment between the two.
Alright, so I'll undo that, I have to re-marquee my points, very important they do that or Illustrator is going to get all grumpy with you, re-marquee around your points, by virtue of the fact that we selected that object selection by path only checkbox inside the Preferences dialog box in the previous lesson. I am able to drag even inside the black area of the stroke as long as I stay outside my path outline.
Alright, I am going to press Ctrl+1 to zoom out and then sort of zoom in a little bit to go to a more normal zoom ratio here. How do we go about making these paths coincident? Well, you go to the Object Menu, you choose Path and you choose Average, alright. Notice it has very similar keyboard shortcut to join, that's because it's often times a very good first step to the Join command. So Ctrl+Alt+J or Command+Option+J will average these two points, average location of the points and you can either align the points with each other horizontally or vertically or you can align in both directions which will average locations of the points so they are exactly coincident. So I am going to click OK to accept, click the two points right on top of each other you saw little movement there going on.
Now, if I press Ctrl+J or Command+J on the Mac, I bring up the Join dialog box, asked me to select what kind of point I want to